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leprechanmonkie

Setting Up File Sharing In Ubuntu

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Ok guys, I am finally getting my computers all up and running properly.

 

I would like to set up a File sharing network in my home. I already have all the networking eqpt, and everything is online through the same router.

 

I have a few computers 2 desktops and 1 netbook. The desktops both use windows 7 and ubuntu, with ubuntu as the everyday os now! Anyhow, i still work on windows computers so i am keeping both partitions and dual boot's active in case i need in.

 

I have roughly 1tb of media on my Main Desktop that i would like to share. A couple hundred movies, and all the simpsons/seinfeld/southparks etc all are in one place.

 

The reason i am going to Ubuntu for networking now is because windsows 7 really screwed me on file sharing. I used to get 7-10 MBPS streaming wirelessly with xp, now with windows 7 its down to under 1MBps. Looking online, it appears to be a vista/7 issue, enough is enough for me.

 

So if I have a bunch of Ubuntu installations all running through my router, do i set up samba on here? I tried to get my 2nd desktop to work with Samba and see my windows 7 installation, and i never could make it work and i think i might have messed up my smb.conf accidentally, well i just changed the workgroup but that didnt work, i dont know.

 

Sorry for the rambling... I really just need to share Files from Ubuntu 10.04 to ubuntu 10.04. All files are on their own drive as well, so i can simply share my data drive if possible, I have already figured out to automatically have it mount it at boot(its NTFS).

 

So do i just right click- share and i think that brings up samba, but Samba is for interfacing with windows which i am sick of doing!

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Ok guys, I am finally getting my computers all up and running properly.

 

I would like to set up a File sharing network in my home. I already have all the networking eqpt, and everything is online through the same router.

 

I have a few computers 2 desktops and 1 netbook. The desktops both use windows 7 and ubuntu, with ubuntu as the everyday os now! Anyhow, i still work on windows computers so i am keeping both partitions and dual boot's active in case i need in.

 

I have roughly 1tb of media on my Main Desktop that i would like to share. A couple hundred movies, and all the simpsons/seinfeld/southparks etc all are in one place.

 

The reason i am going to Ubuntu for networking now is because windsows 7 really screwed me on file sharing. I used to get 7-10 MBPS streaming wirelessly with xp, now with windows 7 its down to under 1MBps. Looking online, it appears to be a vista/7 issue, enough is enough for me.

 

So if I have a bunch of Ubuntu installations all running through my router, do i set up samba on here? I tried to get my 2nd desktop to work with Samba and see my windows 7 installation, and i never could make it work and i think i might have messed up my smb.conf accidentally, well i just changed the workgroup but that didnt work, i dont know.

 

Sorry for the rambling... I really just need to share Files from Ubuntu 10.04 to ubuntu 10.04. All files are on their own drive as well, so i can simply share my data drive if possible, I have already figured out to automatically have it mount it at boot(its NTFS).

 

So do i just right click- share and i think that brings up samba, but Samba is for interfacing with windows which i am sick of doing!

 

since samba seems to be installed already...you can use it:

 

first, be sure to enable sharing of the folder you wish to share, on the host computer (open home folder, right click on folder you wish to share > sharing options > check "share this folder" and give it a share name).

restart samba to load the changes with this command:

 

sudo /etc/init.d/samba restart

after that, on another ubuntu computer...go to places > connect to server

 

for "service type", choose: windows share

 

for "server", type in the address of the computer you wish to connect to (e.g.:192.168.1.xxx, etc)

 

type in the share name, user name and network/domain name of the computer you're trying to access.

 

*if you check off "add bookmark" and give it a name....it will appear under "places" without you have to add all this every time you want to connect.

 

click connect and it will prompt you for the password of the user account on the host computer.

 

i have not tried this in awhile (doing mostly from memory), but try that see if it works.

 

:b33r:

Edited by JackeL

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So i should first set up all my machines with a static IP. I think i can manage that, i will set the IP's and give it a go. Thanks

 

i have not used/configured samba since upgrading to lucid, so like i said, that was posted mostly from memory.

 

if it does not work for you....i'll try it out here later today and let you know what steps i may have missed. :blushing:

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i have not used/configured samba since upgrading to lucid, so like i said, that was posted mostly from memory.

 

if it does not work for you....i'll try it out here later today and let you know what steps i may have missed. :blushing:

 

It did not work, i cannot share the drive, when i try to, it gives me this error

 

 

'net usershare' returned error 255: net usershare add: cannot share path /media/Data as we are restricted to only sharing directories we own.

Ask the administrator to add the line "usershare owner only = false"

to the [global] section of the smb.conf to allow this.

 

So i did what it said, and added that to my smb.conf, and this is what it looks like

 

 

#

# Sample configuration file for the Samba suite for Debian GNU/Linux.

#

#

# This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the

# smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed

# here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options most of which

# are not shown in this example

#

# Some options that are often worth tuning have been included as

# commented-out examples in this file.

# - When such options are commented with ";", the proposed setting

# differs from the default Samba behaviour

# - When commented with "#", the proposed setting is the default

# behaviour of Samba but the option is considered important

# enough to be mentioned here

#

# NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command

# "testparm" to check that you have not made any basic syntactic

# errors.

# A well-established practice is to name the original file

# "smb.conf.master" and create the "real" config file with

# testparm -s smb.conf.master >smb.conf

# This minimizes the size of the really used smb.conf file

# which, according to the Samba Team, impacts performance

# However, use this with caution if your smb.conf file contains nested

# "include" statements. See Debian bug #483187 for a case

# where using a master file is not a good idea.

#

 

#======================= Global Settings =======================

 

[global]

 

## Browsing/Identification ###

 

# Change this to the workgroup/NT-domain name your Samba server will part of

workgroup = WORKGROUP

 

# server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field

server string = %h server (Samba, Ubuntu)

# usershare owner only = false

# Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:

# WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable its WINS Server

# wins support = no

 

# WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client

# Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both

; wins server = w.x.y.z

 

# This will prevent nmbd to search for NetBIOS names through DNS.

dns proxy = no

 

# What naming service and in what order should we use to resolve host names

# to IP addresses

; name resolve order = lmhosts host wins bcast

 

#### Networking ####

 

# The specific set of interfaces / networks to bind to

# This can be either the interface name or an IP address/netmask;

# interface names are normally preferred

; interfaces = 127.0.0.0/8 eth0

 

# Only bind to the named interfaces and/or networks; you must use the

# 'interfaces' option above to use this.

# It is recommended that you enable this feature if your Samba machine is

# not protected by a firewall or is a firewall itself. However, this

# option cannot handle dynamic or non-broadcast interfaces correctly.

; bind interfaces only = yes

 

 

 

#### Debugging/Accounting ####

 

# This tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine

# that connects

log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m

 

# Cap the size of the individual log files (in KiB).

max log size = 1000

 

# If you want Samba to only log through syslog then set the following

# parameter to 'yes'.

# syslog only = no

 

# We want Samba to log a minimum amount of information to syslog. Everything

# should go to /var/log/samba/log.{smbd,nmbd} instead. If you want to log

# through syslog you should set the following parameter to something higher.

syslog = 0

 

# Do something sensible when Samba crashes: mail the admin a backtrace

panic action = /usr/share/samba/panic-action %d

 

 

####### Authentication #######

 

# "security = user" is always a good idea. This will require a Unix account

# in this server for every user accessing the server. See

# /usr/share/doc/samba-doc/htmldocs/Samba3-HOWTO/ServerType.html

# in the samba-doc package for details.

# security = user

 

# You may wish to use password encryption. See the section on

# 'encrypt passwords' in the smb.conf(5) manpage before enabling.

encrypt passwords = true

 

# If you are using encrypted passwords, Samba will need to know what

# password database type you are using.

passdb backend = tdbsam

 

obey pam restrictions = yes

 

# This boolean parameter controls whether Samba attempts to sync the Unix

# password with the SMB password when the encrypted SMB password in the

# passdb is changed.

unix password sync = yes

 

# For Unix password sync to work on a Debian GNU/Linux system, the following

# parameters must be set (thanks to Ian Kahan <<[email protected]> for

# sending the correct chat script for the passwd program in Debian Sarge).

passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u

passwd chat = *Enter\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *Retype\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *password\supdated\ssuccessfully* .

 

# This boolean controls whether PAM will be used for password changes

# when requested by an SMB client instead of the program listed in

# 'passwd program'. The default is 'no'.

pam password change = yes

 

# This option controls how unsuccessful authentication attempts are mapped

# to anonymous connections

map to guest = bad user

 

########## Domains ###########

 

# Is this machine able to authenticate users. Both PDC and BDC

# must have this setting enabled. If you are the BDC you must

# change the 'domain master' setting to no

#

; domain logons = yes

#

# The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set

# It specifies the location of the user's profile directory

# from the client point of view)

# The following required a [profiles] share to be setup on the

# samba server (see below)

; logon path = \\%N\profiles\%U

# Another common choice is storing the profile in the user's home directory

# (this is Samba's default)

# logon path = \\%N\%U\profile

 

# The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set

# It specifies the location of a user's home directory (from the client

# point of view)

; logon drive = H:

# logon home = \\%N\%U

 

# The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set

# It specifies the script to run during logon. The script must be stored

# in the [netlogon] share

# NOTE: Must be store in 'DOS' file format convention

; logon script = logon.cmd

 

# This allows Unix users to be created on the domain controller via the SAMR

# RPC pipe. The example command creates a user account with a disabled Unix

# password; please adapt to your needs

; add user script = /usr/sbin/adduser --quiet --disabled-password --gecos "" %u

 

# This allows machine accounts to be created on the domain controller via the

# SAMR RPC pipe.

# The following assumes a "machines" group exists on the system

; add machine script = /usr/sbin/useradd -g machines -c "%u machine account" -d /var/lib/samba -s /bin/false %u

 

# This allows Unix groups to be created on the domain controller via the SAMR

# RPC pipe.

; add group script = /usr/sbin/addgroup --force-badname %g

 

########## Printing ##########

 

# If you want to automatically load your printer list rather

# than setting them up individually then you'll need this

# load printers = yes

 

# lpr(ng) printing. You may wish to override the location of the

# printcap file

; printing = bsd

; printcap name = /etc/printcap

 

# CUPS printing. See also the cupsaddsmb(8) manpage in the

# cupsys-client package.

; printing = cups

; printcap name = cups

 

############ Misc ############

 

# Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration

# on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name

# of the machine that is connecting

; include = /home/samba/etc/smb.conf.%m

 

# Most people will find that this option gives better performance.

# See smb.conf(5) and /usr/share/doc/samba-doc/htmldocs/Samba3-HOWTO/speed.html

# for details

# You may want to add the following on a Linux system:

# SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192

# socket options = TCP_NODELAY

 

# The following parameter is useful only if you have the linpopup package

# installed. The samba maintainer and the linpopup maintainer are

# working to ease installation and configuration of linpopup and samba.

; message command = /bin/sh -c '/usr/bin/linpopup "%f" "%m" %s; rm %s' &

 

# Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. If this

# machine will be configured as a BDC (a secondary logon server), you

# must set this to 'no'; otherwise, the default behavior is recommended.

# domain master = auto

 

# Some defaults for winbind (make sure you're not using the ranges

# for something else.)

; idmap uid = 10000-20000

; idmap gid = 10000-20000

; template shell = /bin/bash

 

# The following was the default behaviour in sarge,

# but samba upstream reverted the default because it might induce

# performance issues in large organizations.

# See Debian bug #368251 for some of the consequences of *not*

# having this setting and smb.conf(5) for details.

; winbind enum groups = yes

; winbind enum users = yes

 

# Setup usershare options to enable non-root users to share folders

# with the net usershare command.

 

# Maximum number of usershare. 0 (default) means that usershare is disabled.

; usershare max shares = 100

 

# Allow users who've been granted usershare privileges to create

# public shares, not just authenticated ones

usershare allow guests = yes

 

#======================= Share Definitions =======================

 

# Un-comment the following (and tweak the other settings below to suit)

# to enable the default home directory shares. This will share each

# user's home directory as \\server\username

;[homes]

; comment = Home Directories

; browseable = no

 

# By default, the home directories are exported read-only. Change the

# next parameter to 'no' if you want to be able to write to them.

; read only = yes

 

# File creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to

# create files with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775.

; create mask = 0700

 

# Directory creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to

# create dirs. with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775.

; directory mask = 0700

 

# By default, \\server\username shares can be connected to by anyone

# with access to the samba server. Un-comment the following parameter

# to make sure that only "username" can connect to \\server\username

# This might need tweaking when using external authentication schemes

; valid users = %S

 

# Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons

# (you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.)

;[netlogon]

; comment = Network Logon Service

; path = /home/samba/netlogon

; guest ok = yes

; read only = yes

; share modes = no

 

# Un-comment the following and create the profiles directory to store

# users profiles (see the "logon path" option above)

# (you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.)

# The path below should be writable by all users so that their

# profile directory may be created the first time they log on

;[profiles]

; comment = Users profiles

; path = /home/samba/profiles

; guest ok = no

; browseable = no

; create mask = 0600

; directory mask = 0700

 

[printers]

comment = All Printers

browseable = no

path = /var/spool/samba

printable = yes

guest ok = no

read only = yes

create mask = 0700

 

# Windows clients look for this share name as a source of downloadable

# printer drivers

[print$]

comment = Printer Drivers

path = /var/lib/samba/printers

browseable = yes

read only = yes

guest ok = no

# Uncomment to allow remote administration of Windows print drivers.

# You may need to replace 'lpadmin' with the name of the group your

# admin users are members of.

# Please note that you also need to set appropriate Unix permissions

# to the drivers directory for these users to have write rights in it

; write list = root, @lpadmin

 

# A sample share for sharing your CD-ROM with others.

;[cdrom]

; comment = Samba server's CD-ROM

; read only = yes

; locking = no

; path = /cdrom

; guest ok = yes

 

# The next two parameters show how to auto-mount a CD-ROM when the

# cdrom share is accesed. For this to work /etc/fstab must contain

# an entry like this:

#

# /dev/scd0 /cdrom iso9660 defaults,noauto,ro,user 0 0

#

# The CD-ROM gets unmounted automatically after the connection to the

#

# If you don't want to use auto-mounting/unmounting make sure the CD

# is mounted on /cdrom

#

; preexec = /bin/mount /cdrom

; postexec = /bin/umount /cdro

m

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hey lep, sorry that didn't work for you.

 

i just tried it myself....this is the first time i have set up samba on this install of lucid. all my config files from previous versions of ubuntu were wiped clean when i installed lucid, because i formatted the partition from ext3 to ext4....so this is a fairly "fresh" install.

 

i followed along with what i explained above. i did not have samba installed yet on the host, so when i right-clicked the folder i wanted to share, chose "sharing options", then tried to check "share this folder"....it prompted me to install 2 packages (samba and libpam-smbpass). any other needed packages must have already been installed. i accepted, and let it install the packages.

 

after it completed.... i ran the command: "sudo /etc/init.d/samba restart", and got a "command not found error" :blushing:

 

so i just logged out and then back in again, which restarted the service.

 

then i booted up my netbook running ubuntu lucid and went to places > connect to server

 

and followed like i explained above....it connected right up. i did not touch the smb.conf file at all.

 

about this:

 

'net usershare' returned error 255: net usershare add: cannot share path /media/Data as we are restricted to only sharing directories we own.

Ask the administrator to add the line "usershare owner only = false"

to the [global] section of the smb.conf to allow this.

if this is a folder on a separate drive you are trying to share....you may need to be root to enable the share. i am sure there are commands you could run to make it happen, but i am not the best with that and prefer to do it with nautilus when i can. so if you want, open nautilus as root:

 

gksudo nautilus

then right click the folder and try to enable sharing....see if that works. remember to log out and back in after making the share, then go to another computer and try to connect.

Edited by JackeL

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Jackel sudo /etc/init.d/samba restart No longer applies.

 

Try sudo smbd restart

 

You might also want to start nmb

 

sudo nmbd restart

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Jackel sudo /etc/init.d/samba restart No longer applies.

 

Try sudo smbd restart

 

 

thanks bruce....think that might have changed back in karmic. "sudo smdb restart" seems to work. :tup:

 

:b33r:

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thanks bruce....think that might have changed back in karmic. "sudo smdb restart" seems to work. :tup:

 

:b33r:

 

Ok guys, well after sticking my head in the ground for a few hours after being frustrated, i got it working. I had to reinstall ubuntu on the secondary machine, which fixed my smb.conf and allowed me to access my shares!!!!!

 

I ended up downloading the graphical samba thing, and enabling the shares through there... now i have got it working to access the files from anyone in house!

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You reinstalled the operating system because of an smb.conf file? :thud:

 

I could have sent you one that works on several computers.

 

It's just a text file, you could have completely deleted and re-created it.

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You reinstalled the operating system because of an smb.conf file? :thud:

 

I could have sent you one that works on several computers.

 

It's just a text file, you could have completely deleted and re-created it.

 

The smb.conf was the last straw. For some reason i was also having problems with the window manager disappearing(all window buttons like close downsize etc disappeared). Also, playing around in the ATI control panel i screwed up my dual monitor setup, which is now working again!!!!

 

So now i have the problem of reinstalling once again, because my dumb :filtered: had sata mode set to ide, which fubared the grub menu until i switched to ahci, which now works but my windows 7 wont boot so i may redo it one time, and this time it will be right.

 

Each time i am getting a little bit more comfortable, but yes i reformated for a dumb reason, but the window manager thing was really getting to me so i needed that fixed

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